German Strategic Policy after the Cold War (1991-2017)


  • Mr. Zulqarnain Independent Research Scholar on Environment and Security. Previously, he served as a Research Associate at the University of Gujrat.
  • Mr. Siraj Ahmed Nizamani Assistant Professor at the Department of International Relations, University of Sindh, Jamshoro.
  • Ms. Dure Shehwar Graduated from the Department of Politics and International Relations, University of Gujrat.



German Strategic Policy (1991-2017) changed because of several factors, which included the assertive behaviour of Russia, incoming refugees, the threat of terrorism, Brexit, the waning interests of the United States in Europe, and escalating climate change problems. The German Strategic Policy that spanned over two decades focused on developing and modernizing military hardware. This requirement in fact can be observed by analysing the recent shifts in German policies and politics at large. These shifts are largely based on the German strong economy based on free trade and policies of economic development. Many scholars argue a facet of economic strength is reflected in military power. This paper analyses German defence policy change and discusses factors that led to changes in German strategic position in the EU as a strong military power.


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How to Cite

Mr. Zulqarnain, Mr. Siraj Ahmed Nizamani, and Ms. Dure Shehwar. “German Strategic Policy After the Cold War (1991-2017)”. Journal of European Studies (JES) 40, no. 1 (January 1, 2024): 27. Accessed February 25, 2024.