A Geopolitical War in Europe: Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine and its Implications


  • Dr. Irfan Hasnain Qaisrani Chairman at the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Bahria University, Islamabad.
  • Mr. Bilal Habib Qazi PhD Candidate at the School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA), Jilin University, China. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1015-564X
  • Dr. Hussain Abbas Faculty member at the Department of International Relations, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur.




Russia, Ukraine, Geopolitics, Russia-Ukraine War, Great Power Rivalry, Eurasia.


The security-insecurity paradox in a geopolitical struggle between Russia and its ex-territory; Ukraine along with the politics of the influences between great powers has made the Russian invasion a reality. Russian intervention in its periphery in February 2022 has sent shockwaves to the European Union and NATO members, and posed various challenges to the Eurasian states. The conflict between Russia and Ukraine is a protracted one, but this new phase is more complex and multi-layered. Russia’s annexation of Crimea and Sevastopol in 2014, and support to the militant separatists in Donbas, undermined Ukrainian sovereignty. A series of border skirmishes occurred during 2014-2021, which led to thousands of people dead and injured.[1] The tension converted into a humanitarian crisis with millions of refugees and collateral damages after the 2022 war. This recent situation can be termed as a geopolitical warfare, which is based on the politics of security to assert political advantages in the desired geopolitical sphere of influence.

In this paper, an effort has been made to examine the structural, bilateral, and regional issues that have led Russia to engage in a risky war. It hypothesise that this war cannot be recognized only as a bilateral war between Russia and Ukraine based on the old issues, rather it is the result of new developments in the shape of Ukraine’s pursuit for a new identity and affinity with West, its bid for NATO membership and as a client of US and EU against Russia in the great power rivalry. The theoretical lens of Neo-Realism and the security dilemma best explains the causes of the war between the two. Finally, this study also endeavours to trace some important implications for the Eurasian Region.


[1]   Conflict-Related Civilian Casualties in Ukraine. United Nations Human Rights Monitoring Mission in Ukraine, 2022.


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How to Cite

Dr. Irfan Hasnain Qaisrani, Mr. Bilal Habib Qazi, and Dr. Hussain Abbas. “A Geopolitical War in Europe: Russia’s Invasion of Ukraine and Its Implications”. Journal of European Studies (JES) 39, no. 1 (January 2, 2023): 1. Accessed November 29, 2023. https://asce-uok.edu.pk/journal/index.php/JES/article/view/285.