The Iranian Nuclear Programme: Dynamics of Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), American Unisolationism and European Apprehensions

Authors

  • Dr. Muhammad Nadeem Mirza (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2196-9174) Assistant Professor at the School of Politics and International Relations, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.
  • Mr. Hussain Abbas Lecturer at the Department of International Relations, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur, Bahawalpur.
  • Dr. Irfan Hasnain Qaisrani Associate Professor at the Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Bahria University, Islamabad. 

Keywords:

Iran’s Nuclear Programme, Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), P5 1, E3 1

Abstract

Though Iran claims that its nuclear programme is for peaceful purposes, yet it may decide to pursue nuclear weapons while taking into consideration the complex geostrategic matrix of the region – a situation that may result in further horizontal proliferation. The permanent five UN Security Council members and Germany (P5+1) signed the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) with Iran in 2015 with the objective to curtail its nuclear ambitions. Since then, it has become a challenge for the European powers – France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the European Union (E3 + 1) to maintain trust and keep the deal going. Coercive measures like sanctions on the part of the US against Iran have created a huge trust deficit and resultantly have put the new administration of Joe Biden in a situation of few choices to revive the deal to tackle the Iranian nuclear issue. Sanctions also bittered American European allies especially France, whose companies have big business interests in Iran. This article aims at addressing the issues of the Iranian nuclear program, its nature, purpose, and interests. It also deliberates the European and the US concerns before and after the deal.

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Author Biography

Dr. Muhammad Nadeem Mirza (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2196-9174), Assistant Professor at the School of Politics and International Relations, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad.

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Published

2021-12-31

How to Cite

Dr. Muhammad Nadeem Mirza (https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2196-9174), Mr. Hussain Abbas, and Dr. Irfan Hasnain Qaisrani. “The Iranian Nuclear Programme: Dynamics of Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), American Unisolationism and European Apprehensions”. Journal of European Studies (JES) 38, no. 1 (December 31, 2021): 14–32. Accessed June 30, 2022. https://asce-uok.edu.pk/journal/index.php/JES/article/view/225.